[KS] Teaching English in Korea
sethmj at jmu.edu
sethmj at jmu.edu
Tue Sep 15 20:21:11 EDT 2009
Do people have any recommendations for U.S. college students who would like to teach English in Korea? I am looking for information about reliable programs I could comfortably suggest to interested students.
---- Original message ----
>Date: Tue, 15 Sep 2009 19:31:39 -0400
>From: koreanstudies-request at koreaweb.ws
>Subject: Koreanstudies Digest, Vol 75, Issue 21
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><<------------ KoreanStudies mailing list DIGEST ------------>>
> 1. Re: The Mystery of the Breve (Otfried Cheong)
> 2. Pyongyang University of Science and Technology (PUST):
> Opening tomorrow, Sep 16! (Afostercarter at aol.com)
>Date: Tue, 15 Sep 2009 09:33:36 +0200
>From: Otfried Cheong <otfried at airpost.net>
>Subject: Re: [KS] The Mystery of the Breve
>To: Korean Studies Discussion List <koreanstudies at koreaweb.ws>
>Message-ID: <4AAF4350.2070107 at airpost.net>
>Content-Type: text/plain; charset=windows-1252; format=flowed
>Frank Hoffmann wrote:
>> Regarding replacements or left-out of br?ves, both has been practiced
>> heavily on this list when using older email software -- leaving them out
>> as well as replacing them by ?, ? (included in the ASCII set).
>Neither of which fulfils the requirements we discussed: no diacritics,
>but no major loss of information either. The circumflexes _are_
>diacritics, and _not_ included in the ASCII set (which is a 7-bit
>The issue is not a particular character set - as I think I have
>demonstrated, there are numerous occasions where you simply must be able
>to restrict yourself to the letters A-Z (capitals only!).
>> And I have not seen anyone in Korean Studies who,
>> as you claimed, would have made the argument that replacing br?ves with
>> circumflexes would be an unforgivable sin.
>I certainly did not claim this - what I said is that many on this list
>considered replacing the breves by the _digraphs_ 'eo' and 'eu' an
>> NORTH Korea: this is an entirely different topic, of course. You wrote:
>>>> As I said earlier, I would have suggested to simply allow
>>>> "eo" and "eu" (...), and to replace the apostrophe by 'h'.
>>>> (...) Is that true? I've never seen the spelling Phyo?ngyang
>> (1) As you already pointed out yourself, "eo" and "eu" are used instead
>> of o and u + br?ve. "Phyo?ngyang" is therefore no valid example.
>> (2) The "h" is indeed used to replace the apostrophe in McC-R for an
>> aspirated t' or p'. For example "thongil" instead of "t'ongil."
>This raises an interesting question: North Korea uses a modified
>version of McC-R that does not need diacritics at all (except for
>hyphens to separate syllables, if necessary). But apparently the North
>Korean system was not considered as a contender for the new South Korean
>romanization - as far as I can remember, this was not even suggested at
>the time. Why?
>Unification with the Northern system would be the only good reason for
>South Korea to change its official romanization again. But of course
>that's a hairy issue unless you can work out the differences in Hangul
>spelling in the two Koreas.
>Date: Tue, 15 Sep 2009 13:26:32 EDT
>From: Afostercarter at aol.com
>Subject: [KS] Pyongyang University of Science and Technology (PUST):
> Opening tomorrow, Sep 16!
>To: Koreanstudies at koreaweb.ws, members at asck.org, baks at jiscmail.ac.uk
>Cc: tom at softlandingkorea.com, nkeconwatch at gmail.com,
> Philip at londonkoreanlinks.net
>Message-ID: <d26.3d4c48ac.37e12848 at aol.com>
>Content-Type: text/plain; charset="us-ascii"
>Dear friends and colleagues,
>This is the best thing I've yet seen about PUST,
>whose own website appears to have disappeared
>just as the place is about to be declared open.
>(Its sister college YUST is at _www.yust.edu_ (http://www.yust.edu) ,
>but Pust.edu brings up something pontifical in Rome.)
>- Sorry, found it! _http://pust.kr/_ (http://pust.kr/) or
>What amazing faith. Call me naive; but surely this is
>one way of easing the NK knot, and well worth a try.
>Honorary Senior Research Fellow in Sociology & Modern Korea, Leeds
>Flat 1, 40 Magdalen Road, Exeter, Devon, EX2 4TE, England, UK
>T: (+44, no 0) 07970 741307 (mobile); 01392 257753 Skype:
>E: _afostercarter at aol.com_ (mailto:afostercarter at aol.com) ,
>_afostercarter at yahoo.com_ (mailto:afostercarter at yahoo.com) W:
>The capitalist who loves North Korea
>After making it as an entrepreneur in America, James Kim is fulfilling his
>dream of opening an university in North Korea that will offer, of all
>things, an MBA.
>() | _RSS_ (aoldb://mail/services/rss/)
>By _Bill Powell_ (mailto:bill_powell at timeinc.com) , senior writer
>September 15, 2009: 9:17 AM ET
> James Kim, founder of the Pyongyang University of Science and
> Kim in front of PUST, which is slated to open this month in North
> Kim lecturing students at Yanbian University of Science and
>Technology, located in China near the border of North Korea
> Kim eating with students at Yanbian University
> _More from Fortune_ (aoldb://mail/magazines/fortune/)
>_25 Highest-paid men_
>_7 steps to finding a job online_
>_PC showdown: Netbook threat heats up_
>_FORTUNE 500_ (aoldb://mail/magazines/fortune/fortune500/)
>_Current Issue_ (aoldb://mail/magazines/fortune/)
>_Subscribe to Fortune_
>(Fortune Magazine) -- James Kim, an American businessman turned educator,
>once sat in the very last place that anyone in the world would wish to be:
>a cold, dank prison cell in Pyongyang, the godforsaken capital of North
>Kim, who had emigrated from South Korea to the United States in the 1970s,
>had been a frequent visitor to Pyongyang over the years in pursuit of
>what, to many, seemed at best a quixotic cause. He wanted to start an
>international university in Pyongyang, with courses in English, an international
>faculty, computers, and Internet connections for all the students.
>Not only that -- in the heart of the world's most rigidly Communist
>country, Kim wanted his school to include that training ground for future
>capitalists: an MBA program.
>During one of his trips to the capital in 1998, with North Korea in the
>midst of a famine that would eventually kill thousands, the state's secret
>police arrested Kim.
>North Korean dictator Kim Jong Il didn't lock up the educator for being
>crazy. He got it in his head that the oddly persistent American -- who at the
>time, among other things, was helping to feed starving North Koreans with
>deliveries of food aid from China -- was a spy.
>So for more than 40 days, Kim languished in a North Korean prison. An
>evangelical Christian, Kim wrote his last will and testament during those days,
>not knowing if he'd ever get out.
>Which makes where he plans to be in mid-September all the more
>astonishing. Kim will lead a delegation of 200 dignitaries from around the world to
>North Korea for the dedication of the first privately funded university ever
>allowed in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea: the Pyongyang
>University of Science and Technology (PUST).
>The school will have an international faculty educating, eventually,
>around 600 graduate students. Kim dreams ultimately of hosting an industrial
>park around the PUST campus, drawing firms from around the world -- a North
>Korean version, as bizarre as it sounds, of Palo Alto or Boston's Route 128.
>There will be Internet access for all, connecting the students to an
>outside world that they've heretofore been instructed is a hostile and dangerous
>place. And among the six departments will be a school of industrial
>"We ended up not calling it an 'MBA program,'" jokes David Kim (no
>relation to James), a former Bechtel and Pacific Gas & Electric executive who has
>relocated to Pyongyang to help set up PUST, "because they [the North
>Koreans] think it sounds vaguely imperialistic."
>That the North Koreans are permitting this to happen -- that they have
>given James Kim the nod to create his university, just as he intended -- is
>It's hard for outsiders to understand just how backward, isolated, and
>impoverished North Korea is. Since the collapse of the Eastern bloc 20 years
>ago, fewer and fewer North Korean university students study abroad. Allowing
>PUST to proceed lets a gust of fresh air into a stilted, frightfully
>Ben Rosen, the venture capitalist who co-founded Compaq Computer in 1982,
>befriended Kim last year on a visit to Pyongyang with the New York
>Philharmonic Orchestra. After touring the 248-acre campus with Kim as it was under
>construction, Rosen became a believer. The university, he says, will give
>students "a window to the outside world and will create a new generation of
>technocrats with the potential to lead a post-Kim Jong Il government."
>The man behind this masterstroke of international relations consciously
>creates a bit of an air of mystery around himself. Ask him two very basic
>questions -- how old are you, and where were you born -- and Kim (whose Korean
>given name is Chin-Kyung) cheerfully demurs.
>As for his age (public records in Florida, where he was a small-business
>man for more than a decade, say he was born in September 1935), he says it's
>all in the mind -- a function of your health and your attitude. "And I am
>very healthy," he says with a grin.
>As to where, exactly, he was born, he declines to say, without much
>explanation. Kim's father -- himself an educator -- was very much a product of
>the tumultuous history of colonization and war that engulfed Northeast Asia
>in the first part of the 20th century, and thus very much on the move.
>During World War II, Kim's father fled the Japanese occupation of Korea,
>escaping to northeast China -- not far from Yanji, where his son's dreams took
>shape half a century later.
>That dream -- to bring Western education to his countrymen -- first
>manifested itself some 17 years ago, when Kim built a small (1,750 students) but
>thriving, privately funded university in Yanji, the Yanbian University of
>Science and Technology (YUST).
>Twice this summer I met at length with Kim in Yanji, which abuts the North
>Korean border, and sits in Jilin province, where more than half of the
>citizens are ethnic Korean. Though pleasantly cool in the summer, this part of
>China is cold and dark in the winter, and Kim's standard greeting to
>visitors is "Welcome to the North Pole."
>He is endlessly energetic. When he's not off fundraising around the world,
>he bounces around the campus starting at six each morning, buttonholing
>students he happens upon. But these days, as the dedication of the school in
>North Korea draws near, he is more often than not in Pyongyang.
>He carries an American passport and has what amounts to a multiple-entry
>visa to the most closed country on the planet. (Although the Korean War
>ended more than 50 years ago, Washington has never signed a peace treaty with
>the North.) He wants to make sure the dedication stays on track.
>It has already been delayed once: PUST originally was to be dedicated last
>year, but Dear Leader Kim Jong Il had a stroke in the summer of 2008, and
>everything froze. Until very recently the overt hostility North Korea had
>evinced toward the U.S. and its allies cast real doubt as to whether PUST
>would ever open.
>And for that reason Kim is very, very careful to parse his language when
>he talks about the North Korean government. Read him what Ben Rosen said
>about the potential PUST has to change North Korea, and Kim interjects
>quickly: "We're not going to change North Korea. We're going to help it."
>Kim's success in America
>This is pretty heady stuff for a former small-business man who made enough
>money running a South Korean taxi company to move to Pensacola, Fla. (He
>had been visiting a cousin attending school in the Sunshine State and liked
>After arriving in America in 1976, he started a wig business. "In those
>days, South Korea dominated the wig export business," Kim recalled recently.
>"So I set up a business in Florida importing wigs from South Korea. It
>turned out to be pretty successful."
>Kim says he came to the U.S. for a straightforward reason, the same reason
>so many immigrants do: He figured it was the best place to "make some
>But money, for him, was always only going to be a means to an end. "I knew
>that if I were to go to these two Communist countries -- China and North
>Korea -- and do what I wanted to do, it would not only provide me with some
>wealth, but a U.S. passport as well. You guys are the Roman Empire of your
>day; you can go pretty much wherever you want."
>His commercial landlord at the time, Frank Webb, recalls two things about
>James Kim: that he was a devout Christian, and that he always talked about
>setting up schools in China and North Korea.
>Kim added a clothes store in the 1980s, then bought a chain of women's
>shoe stores in Pensacola that he expanded successfully. In short, Kim and his
>wife, Grace, who helped him run the business, were living the American
>dream: They were recent immigrants who worked hard and were more than making a
>go of it. They were prospering. "By the mid-1980s we had three good
>businesses," Kim says now.
>And that's when he decided it was time to get on with his life's work.
>Leaving his wife behind in Florida to sell the family business and join him
>later, Kim headed for the northeastern part of China, where his father had
>been before him.
>Support from the Christian community
>Of all the nations in Asia where Christianity has tried to put down roots,
>Korea has been the most fertile ground. Roughly 20% of the population is
>Christian. Westerners who come to Seoul for the first time are often
>surprised by the number of neon crosses that glow atop churches in the city at
>But it is not only South Korea where Christian missionaries worked
>successfully to find converts. Long before war divided Korea at mid-century,
>Christian missionaries had gone to North Korea. Ruth Graham, the late wife of
>evangelist Billy Graham, went to prep school in Pyongyang in the 1920s.
>Kim is emblematic of just how deep those Christian roots run in Korea. His
>father converted to Christianity as a young man and attended a university
>in Pyongyang started by Presbyterian missionaries in 1897.
>He was running a Christian school near Busan, in the South, when he fled
>the Japanese occupation "rather than bow to Shinto gods," as Kim now says.
>In 1939 his father went to Heilongjiang province in northeastern China,
>where he opened another school for girls; he returned to South Korea in 1945,
>with the defeat of Imperial Japan.
>When James was 15 years old, he tried to enlist in the army as the Korean
>War broke out, but a recruiter first turned him away as too young. "I cut
>my finger and wrote in blood, 'I love my country,'" so the recruiter changed
>his mind and accepted him. He joined an army unit of 800, and by 1952 only
>17 remained. The rest had been killed.
>Until that point, Kim had not himself been particularly religious. He had
>watched his grandfather "persecute" his father for his conversion to
>Christianity. But on the battlefield one night, Kim read from the Gospel of St.
>John, which had been passed out by a U.S. Army chaplain to the troops who
>remained. Having watched so much of his unit get wiped out, it was verse 3:16
>that spoke to him: "That whosoever shall believe in Him should not perish,
>but have everlasting life."
>Then and there, says Kim, "I vowed to God to work with the Chinese and the
>North Koreans -- then our enemies. I would devote my life to it, if I
>survived the war."
>For Kim, this was not a convenient "atheist in a foxhole" moment: He
>studied his newfound faith assiduously. In the early '70s Kim traveled to
>Europe, where he attended a school set up in Switzerland by an esteemed American
>evangelist, Francis Schaffer. He then went to England to study at an
>evangelical seminary before returning to Seoul in 1972.
>His plan upon arriving in China was to follow in his father's footsteps
>and to do sort of a dry run for his ultimate goal: setting up a university in
>Pyongyang. Using some of the money he had made from selling his small
>businesses in the U.S., and then raising money from private donors -- drawing
>heavily on the evangelical Christian community in South Korea and abroad --
>Kim in 1992 began YUST.
>To date, more than 90% of the graduates get jobs, and South Korean
>companies operating in China are particularly aggressive in hiring its students.
>"They just line up to recruit them," says Malcolm Gillis, the former
>president of Rice University who is on the board of PUST.
>Kim and his wife now live in faculty housing, in a small two-bedroom
>apartment. Though not officially a Christian school, which would be illegal in
>China, both the faculty and the students tend to be drawn from the devout.
>Many faculty members go without pay (as some will in Pyongyang). And the
>provincial government allows YUST to have a chapel on campus accessible only
>to university-affiliated personnel.
>"There was a lot of suspicion from the [government] at first," Kim
>concedes. "But as the school has grown we've shown them that we are not in any way
>a threat to them." Left unstated is the obvious: that the small school on
>the North Korean border was Kim's model for his Pyongyang project.
>He had two challenges: funding it and getting the North Korean government
>to agree to it. Kim's deep roots in the South Korean Christian community
>have given him a lot of contacts among Seoul's corporate and educational
>elite. He has the presidents of two prestigious Korean universities on PUST's
>board of directors, and on a recent weekend in Yanji, Kim had two senior
>executives, including vice chairman Heon-Cheol Shin from South Korea's biggest
>oil company, SK Energy, visiting him to check on the progress of the
>Kim has the energy of someone half his age -- and he never stops plumping
>for the university. Venture capitalist Rosen recalls that on his tour of
>the campus in Pyongyang early last year Kim kept pushing him to join his
>board of directors. At one point he pointed to one of the buildings under
>construction and joked, "Look, Ben, there's your new office!" (My wife, Rosen
>jokes, "just about died.")
>North Korea, not surprisingly, is the object of intense passion among the
>evangelical Christian community in the South.
>South Korean churches have done much good work publicizing human rights
>abuses in the North -- to Pyongyang's intense displeasure -- but they have
>also raised funds for food aid and helped distribute it via a variety of
>networks. But to say that a good portion of the evangelical community in the
>South -- and indeed worldwide -- is hostile to the Kim Jong Il government is
>to state the obvious.
>It is into this diplomatic minefield that Kim has stepped. "If you had
>told me that [Kim] was going to raise money from evangelical churches
>worldwide to help fund a new university in Pyongyang, and that he'd get the North
>Korean government to go along with it, I'd have told you that you were
>nuts," says a state department official. "Remember, in 1998 Kim Jong Il had him
>held in detention."
>That fact does raise questions. Ask him how he has been able to pull this
>project off, and Kim says, "I have unlimited credit at the Bank of Heaven."
>The suspicion, voiced by some skeptics in Seoul and elsewhere, is that he
>also must have had to make a pretty hefty deposit at the Bank of Kim Jong
>To the extent that any business gets done in North Korea, the piper has to
>be paid, foreign businessmen and diplomats say. "I'd find it hard to
>believe otherwise," one Seoul-based executive who has done business in the North
>says, "but who knows?"
>Asked directly whether any of the roughly $10 million he raised to fund
>PUST has gone to the regime in Pyongyang, Kim says: "Every brick we used,
>every bit of steel, every bit of equipment, we brought in from China. I have
>never brought any cash into North Korea."
>So why did the North Korean government come to trust him? "When I was
>detained, I was very calm. I wrote that I was not afraid to die, because I knew
>I would go to a better place. And I wrote that if I did die, I would
>donate my organs for medical research in North Korea. I told them I was at pea
>ce." What he heard back, Kim says, is that the Dear Leader was touched by
>There are so many horror stories about Kim Jong Il and the country that he
>rules that it's hard to know what to make of that. Suspicions linger that
>some sort of deal was cut. That somehow Dear Leader Kim is using University
>President Kim. Or being paid off by him. Or that Kim has divided
>There is no evidence that any of that is true, and Kim Jong Il, despite
>his recent diplomatic charm offensive, isn't giving interviews.
>And for the record, though Kim is excruciatingly diplomatic in terms of
>what he says publicly about the regime, Fortune, having spent a considerable
>amount of time with Kim and his team in Yanji this summer, is pretty
>convinced that his loyalties lie in only one direction -- to the man upstairs.
>And by that, we don't mean Kim Jong Il.
>PUST Board member Gillis believes that Kim's lack of guile may ultimately
>be what convinced the North Koreans. "This is a guy who is doing this for
>the reasons he says: that it would be a good and helpful thing for North
>Korean students to have a modern, international university, with faculty drawn
>from abroad. Through many years of hard work, [he's] been able to convince
>the government that that's the case. And it has the added benefit of being
>true. He's open and transparent. There are no hidden agendas here."
>With the formal dedication set for Sept. 16 -- Kim and his staff are deep
>into trying to hire faculty and settle on nuts-and-bolts issues, like which
>textbooks will be used in courses that will begin in a few months. As
>David Kim, the Bechtel alum, relates, very little of that stuff is
>straightforward in North Korea.
>How, for example, will economics and finance be taught? While students at
>elite universities in most of the world learn the same basic principles
>from the same authors -- Econ 101 from Samuelson and Nordhaus et al. -- in
>North Korea, Western economics is not only alien to most citizens of the
>Communist state, it is also downright threatening.
>This is a government whose underlying philosophy is known as Juche, or
>self-reliance, and everyone is supposed to be a servant of the Dear Leader.
>How you square that with Adam Smith's invisible hand and enlightened
>self-interest is not at all obvious.
>"If we're just going there to teach things the way they teach them now,
>it's a waste of our time," concedes Kim. "But we also don't want to be
>perceived as doing anything that threatens them."
>So PUST is -- very much -- a work in progress. But given how close it is
>to reality, issues like curriculum fade. The only one out there who thought
>there'd be an international university opening in Pyongyang in 2009,
>offering the equivalent of an MBA, with courses in English to some 600 students,
>was the same guy whom the North Koreans arrested in 1998.
>James Kim and his cohorts will no doubt figure out a way to teach Econ
>101. They're going to teach Western economics, and finance, and management in
>one of the most backward economies in the world, one which again is having
>trouble feeding many of its citizens, according to recent reports from NGOs
>That may seem like a rather hopeless task, but hope -- not to mention
>faith -- is something James Kim has in abundance. And given that he was sitting
>in a Pyongyang jail 11 years ago this month, who could blame him?
>Reporter associates Scott Cendrowski and Marilyn Adamo contributed to this
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