|_Encyclopedia of North Korean Geography and Culture_ [message #8472]
||Fri, 31 March 2006 03:10
Registered: July 1998
just forwarding this ..
Encyclopedia of North Korean Geography and Culture
Institute for Peace Affairs (IPA)
321-89 Galhyun-Dong, Eunpyung-Gu, Seoul 122-806
December 1, 2005
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, Tel. 02-358-0612-5, Fax. 02-384-1924
Attn.: who it may concern,
I am very pleased to inform that you are now available to get North
Korea's recent and accurate information due to the publication of
Encyclopedia of North Korean Geography and Culture (ENKGC). Institute
for Peace Affairs (IPA) has recently published ENKGC according to the
official contract with North Korean authorities. ENKGC is the first
cooperation between two Koreas in publication.
ENKGC contains lots of facts that you want to know about North Korean
geography and culture. ENKGC consists of nearly 350,000 entries with
15,000 pictures and over 230 maps for each administrative district.
Pictures were taken very recently (mostly after 2002) and they are
verified through cross-check by IPA researchers and North Korean
scholars. I am sure that this kind of materials may give you valuable
information to understand North Korea and to prepare for future
investment after diplomatic normalization with it.
IPA is now ready to deliver you ENKGC. It would be a great
opportunity to get accurate and latest information about North Korea
because ENKGC is only book for which North Korean authorities
reluctantly provided information. According to contract, IPA had
asked lots of questions to North Korean Agent and had got precious
answers which had been known incorrectly before ENKGC.
I am sending this e-mail with attached files which contain more
details about ENKGC. Please do not hesitate to ask us through e-mail,
fax, or telephone how to buy ENKGC. JeongWoo Lee, our research
fellow, will help you with kindness. We always thank you and your
country for trying to keep warm relationship with our country.
Dr. Young-Seok Shin
The First Encyclopedia on North Korea
Encyclopedia of North Korean Geography and Culture
You can get everything about North Korea!
Encyclopedia of North Korean Geography and Culture (hereafter
'ENKGC') provides everything you want to know about North Korean
geography, industries, botanic, animals, mountains, rivers, villages,
cities, culture, traditions, maps, recent pictures of each village,
old names of current cities, monuments, history, transportation,
cultural relics and remains by district, national treasure, natural
resources, folk customs, food, house, family type, and over 5.000
North Korean Leaders, etc..
All official information is from North Korean government!
ENKGC is based on North Korean official survey on its whole country
regions. Under the direction of Kim Il-Sung and based on the cabinet
resolution no. 55 in 1966 May, the several hundreds of North Korean
scholars had been organized and tens of thousands of investigators
had been mobilized to complete the survey. Scholars from all over the
country with administrative officers had devoted for thirty years to
confirm accurate names of each village and in history across the
country. The basic contents of ENKGC were completed in the late
1990's. ENKGC was made up according to that contents and ENKGC added
lots of related information, which were mentioned above, on it by
region. Therefore, all the information of ENKGC is certified by North
More information about ENKGC is to be followed;
Encyclopedia of North Korean Geography and Culture
II. Background and Circumstances
III. Composition and Main Contents
1. General Introduction
3. Main substance
IV. Distinctive Features
1. Primary features
2. Features in substance
Institute for Peace Affairs
Tel. 02-358-0612-5, Fax. 02-384-1924, e-mail: email@example.com
- ENKGC gives a comprehensive survey result in both of the natural
geography and the human geography of the entire area of North Korea
by its administrative districts such as major city/province,
city/county/labor county and Tong/Eup/Ri. One of its purposes is to
provide databases as basic information to make a relationship with
and to invest to North Korea near future.
- ENKGC is the first official encyclopedia to be published about
North Korean geography and culture since the division of the Korean
peninsula. Two private organizations from the North and the South
co-compiled ENKGC under official approvals from each government. It
is also meaningful symbol in inter-Korean cooperative project.
- Information on the natural and the human geography of North Korea
has been very limited revealed to outside world because of the North
Korea's information-control policy. It is now expected that ENKGC
will take a role as an important guideline in the study of North
Korea as a first-hand resource.
II. Background and Circumstances
- Since its establishment, North Korea has reorganized its
administrative districts more than 60 times. This reorganization
makes it difficult to grasp a particular area by old maps and data.
Most of the materials available in South Korea were published before
the 1945 liberation of Korea or sporadically after it. Although the
maps were produced based on photos via satellite, most of them lacked
accurate boundaries and were inconsistent in their naming of places.
-The two project partners from the South and the North, Institute of
Peace Affairs and Science Encyclopedia Publishing, respectively, met
through Chosun Cultural Institute in China. As a result of their
frequent conversations, they agreed that com-compiling ENKGC would be
a practical project because it would correspond with the time frame
of the policy of reconciliation and cooperation.
-The two private organizations contracted with each other without a
mediator for the first time in inter-publishing history. After
receiving official approvals from each government, they organized a
co-compilation committee and it has finally become an inter-Korean
project in both name and reality.
III. Composition & Main Contents
a. General Introduction
-ENKGC consists of nearly 350 thousand entries with 15 thousand
photographs and over 230 maps.
-Under the direction of Chief Kim Il-Sung and based on the 'Cabinet
command' no. 55, in May 1966, the foremost scholars in North Korea
organized the 'Cho-Sun Region Dictionary Compilation' committee. By
mobilizing more than a thousand people a year, including scholars
from all over the country and key administrative officers, they spent
30 years surveying the names of places across the country. The basic
contents of ENKGC were completed in the late 1990's. Now, for the
very first time, the public is able to access their work through the
publication of ENKGC.
- Nearly one thousand contributors made detailed studies both of the
changes of villages themselves and the changes of the village names.
They completed these studies by threading their way through North
Korea, including even the smallest villages. The academic world of
North Korea values the data and has called it a 'monumental work in
the time of labor party' and a 'masterpiece comparable to a national
-ENKGC is a 20 volume set, containing three parts: 'Region,' 'Folk
Customs' and 'Biography.' The first 16 volumes contain regional
information based on the current state of the administrative
districts. Volume 17 clearly displays the customs of clothing, food
and housing. Volume 18 includes more than 5 thousand biographies of
contemporary North Koreans in a variety of vocations: politics,
economy, military, society, culture, art, and the athletic world. The
final two volumes are an Index - a helpful tool making it easy to
access information from the extensive material.
-Some photographs were taken recently (2001-2003). They present
vivid pictures of each area. Other photographs belong to
organizations in North Korea which contribute to the compilation of
ENKGC. Maps that North Korea had planned to publish in 2004 are
included in ENKGC and reflect the current administrative districts as
of January 2005.
Volume 1. Pyongyang
Volume 2. Major cities (Nampo, Gaeseong, Nasun)
Volume 3. South Pyongan Province 1/2
Volume 4. South Pyongan Province 2/2
Volume 5. North Pyongan Province 1/2
Volume 6. North Pyongan Province 2/2
Volume 7. Jagang Province
Volume 8. South Hwanghae Province 1/2
Volume 9. South Hwanghae Province 2/2
Volume 10. North Hwanghae Province
Volume 11. Kangwon Province
Volume 12. South Hamkyong Province 1/2
Volume 13. South Hamkyong Province 2/2
Volume 14. North Hamkyong Province 1/2
Volume 15. North Hamkyong Province 2/2
Volume 16. Yanggang Province
Volume 17. Biography of North Korean Leaders
Volume 18. Traditional Culture
Volume 19. Index
Volume 20. Index
c. Main Substance
ENKGC contains information on natural geography by region: the
history of the names of places, historical changes, topography,
geology, climate, mountains and rivers, natural health resources,
natural monuments, animals and botany. There is also information on
human geography: economy, transportation, major enterprises,
educational culture, historic relics, folk customs, food and people.
Changes of the 'Administrative Districts System'
North Korea has reorganized its administrative districts more than 60
times since the 1945 liberation of Korea. As of January 2005, North
Korea has one Special City, 9 provinces, 3 major cities, 24 cities,
and 148 counties, districts and subordinate units like 'Tong', 'Eup',
'Workers District' and 'Ri'.
'Maps' Showing Even Smaller Administrative Districts
Maps by province, county and district show the subdividing situation
of the administrative districts and indicate the locations of
railroads, roads, mountains and rivers in detail. Nampo, Gaeseong,
and Nasun were recently reorganized as major cities. Thanks to
ENKGC, information on these cities is now being introduced to South
'The History of the Names of Places'
This section combines 'history' and 'old names' and alerts readers to
the many name changes that both natural landmarks and administrative
places have undergone. For example, for the history of Cheongjin,
North Hamkyong province, it explains, "It is a city that was
reorganized from Cheongjinpu immediately after the 1945 liberation.
Because the village has a ferry located in front of Cheongam Mountain
which has green rocks, it is called Cheongjin, meaning 'green ferry.'
At first, a Chinese ideograph, Cheong, meaning green, was used,
however, in the later years, people changed it to another Chinese
ideograph, Cheong, meaning clearness."
A valley located in Saegoel Ridge, Gobi Worker District, Kangdong
County, Pyeongyang, "is called 'Tank valley' because US tanks were
destroyed there by North Korean soldiers during the Korean War. A
valley located to the north of Kwanmo Ri, Kyeongseong County, North
Hamkyong, is named 'Aircraft valley', because a US aircraft crashed
'Old Names' of the Administrative Districts from the Period of the
Three States through the Period of Chosun dynasty.
ENKGC includes names of places and their origins in the time of the
Three States and BalHae up until the beginning of Chosun. ENKGC
indicates the old Korean names of places alongside the current
'Nature' Showing Topographical Features
Readers can picture the mountain ranges because ENKGC describes each
mountain along with its height. The contents of 'Nature' in the
Kangwon province (well known as the area having the most mountains in
the Korean peninsula) will give you a good example of topographical
features along with concrete explanations.
'Economy' Helping You Grasp the Industrial System of Each Region at a Glance
ENKGC describes the industry structure in detail. This part includes
the comprehensive economical situation: light industry, machine
industry, chemical industry, agriculture, fisheries and forestry. Pie
charts show what percentage of the overall industry structure each
'Transportation' Covering Road Information and Method of Transportation
ENKGC displays all of the available transportation systems by region:
railways, highways, waterways, and marine ways. ENKGC makes it
possible to see all the traffic lines for transportation between
regions. For example, the contents of 'Transportation' give you road
information for moving between towns and inform the reader about the
availability of public transportation.
Distinctive 'Major Enterprises' by Region
Restaurants in North Korea are distinctive because of their
largeness. Pyongyang Gray Mullet Soup Restaurant in Rak-Rang
district, Pyongyang, is a special restaurant for gray mullet soup
from the Daedong River - a specialty of Pyongyang. Sin-Heung-Kwan in
Ham-Heung, South Hamkyong is well-known as the native place for
Ham-Heung cold noodle. Factories and enterprises are also closely
related to the natural resources produced in the area.
'Remains and Relics', Many Nationally Designated Cultural Assets Are
Handed Down from the Time of Koguryu
Cultural relics are systematically presented according to their
levels along with pictures of them in full color. Around two thousand
cultural relics are disclosed to public for the first time in ENKGC.
Most of the remains and relics designated as national treasures and
preservations are from the time of Koguryu. National treasure No. 1
Pyongyang Fortress, No. 2 An-Hak Palace, and No. 3 Common Gate, all
found in Pyongyang, are originated from Koguryu.
Identified 'Wild Special Plants' and 'Medicinal Plants' by Their Shape
Wild special plants and medicinal plants growing in North Korea are
introduced based on the information provided by the National Science
Botany Institute in North Korea. Colored drawings of collected
specimens, focusing on shape, are provided. These will be helpful for
identifying the shape of each plant.
'Folk Songs' Which Reflect the Distinctiveness of Each Province
Distinctive folk songs are arranged by province. Readers can compare
how folk songs are changed and sung differently by province.
'Natural Monument' with a Special Designation Meaning
Included are the designation meaning, designation year, background
and substance of animals & botany and geology & topology which the
Nature Reservation Federation of North Korea has designated. A total
of 456 nationally designated natural monuments are introduced with
'Specialties', Principal Resources and Products by Region
Specialties of each region in North Korea refer to both traditional
specialties handed down from the past and specialties newly developed
according to the features of each region after the 1945 liberation of
Korea. They are subdivided into special products, special vegetables,
special herbs, special fruits, special fish, and special livestock.
'Natural Health Resource' Used for Medical Treatment
Mineral resources such as mineral water, hot springs and mud for
medical treatment and health resorts are introduced. Natural
geographical conditions, discovery year and origin, variety,
property, adaptability, usage and future development of each resource
'Extraordinary Species of Animals'
These are categorized into mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and
fishes by the Red Data Book standard from IUCN. This is the first
'Red Data Book' of North Korea. The articles in this section provide
the scientific names, classification, features in shape, habit,
reproduction method, habitat and route of migration of extraordinary
animals, including endangered species.
'Nature Reservation District'
This part introduces nationally designated nature reservation
districts by province. North Korea designates many nature reservation
districts to protect specific animals and plants which inhabit each
'Traditional Culture (Folk Customs)'
Volume 18 displays clothing, food and housing, and customs of North
Korea by province, studied by North Korean folklorists. It covers
aspects of dress, dietary life, residence, family life, labor life,
folk holiday and folk play.
Lives of over 5,000 distinctive leaders from various fields, who have
led North Korean society since before or after the 1945 liberation of
Korea, are described with accompanying photos. Most people from the
field of society, culture, art and athletics are introduced to South
Korea for the first time. Their duties, education background, work
experience, prizes and decorations, major activity, important work
and current situation are presented chronologically. For example,
Mi-Ran Oh, one of the distinctive actresses in North Korea, is
introduced by her date of birth, place of birth, and art and serial
movie works in which she performed. The 5,000 people include actors
and actresses, directors, cameramen, dancers, dance directors, dance
critics, novelists, poets, playwrights, children's book writers,
translators, artists, sculptors, craftsmen, handicraft artists,
composers, reporters, philosophers, botanists, educators and
4. Distinctive Features
a. Primary Features
1) ENKGC contains the most up-to-date information on the North Korean
region. North Korea has reorganized its administrative districts many
times and also kept changing the names of schools at all levels along
with the names of enterprises. ENKGC reflects the changed situation.
It presents never-before- released information and vivid pictures of
North Korea today, most of which were taken recently.
By a government ordinance of the supreme council, North Korea
designated Shineauju Special Administrative District on September 12,
2002, Mt. Keumkang Tourist District on October 23, 2002, and Kaeseong
Industrial District on November 13, 2002. It caused many areas to be
merged and abolished. On January 9, 2004, Nampo was reorganized from
a major city to a special city, now belonging to South Pyongan.
People school (which is identical to elementary school) and high
middle school (which is identical to middle school) have become small
school and middle school respectively in 2002.
2) ENKGC includes the most voluminous information among the North
Korean-related materials which have so far been published both in the
North and in the South. It is more extensive and in-depth than other
material about the North Korean region.
3) ENKGC is the result of the Inter-Korean Cooperative project, which
was accomplished by direct contract under official approvals from
each government for the first time.
-In North Korea, project partners besides Science Encyclopedia
Publishing include nearly 20 organizations such as Social Science
Institute, Kim Il Sung University, Institute of Chosun Culture
Reservation, Foreign Publishing and Institute of National Resource
Botany. Nearly one thousand experts contributed to ENKGC so that it
can be rightly considered official material on North Korea. The
project team of Institute of Peace Affairs carefully reviewed the
manuscript and focused its efforts on enhancing the quality as they
asked North Korean project partners for verification on numerous
points. As a result, the information on the North Korean region which
used to be sporadical and inconsistent has gained coherency.
b. Features in Substance
Top 10 Features
1) While maps of North Korea available in South Korea today are from
1996, maps in ENKGC are from 2004. ENKGC contains the most up-to-date
North Korean maps.
2) ENKGC offers databases for Inter-Korean economic cooperation like
joint exploitation of underground resources, and describes
distributions and locations in detail.
3) By describing major transportation routes by region, ENKGC becomes
not only a guide for inter-Korean travel, but also a great reference
for military and industrial geography.
4) The information on extraordinary animals, plants and natural
monuments will make a great contribution to the study of the North
5) Place names which were changed nearly 60 times in administrative
district reorganizations are introduced, including even a village in
which only 20 people live. It makes it possible to examine the
regional situation of North Korea in great detail.
6) Information on the remnants and relics known to South Korea so far
are inconsistent and many are omitted. However, the cultural relics
of national treasure grade, semi-national treasure grade and
preservation grade are systematically presented according to their
levels and will make a great contribution to the preservation of
national cultural heritage. Many of the preservation grade's relics
found in ENKGC have never before been open to the public.
7) ENKGC introduces not only various well-known scenic spots but also
natural tourist attractions as yet undeveloped. It will be an
excellent reference for Inter-Korean tourism.
8) Traditional folk customs and food are examined by region. Recipes
for well-known food will be a valuable source for the study and
development of traditional food.
9) There has been total lack in the study of folk songs from all
North Korea areas. ENKGC contains all folk song words by province and
will do much for the study of national culture.
10) Most North Koreans who are known to South Korea are people in the
field of politics, military and economy. ENKGC describes people in
the field of society, culture, art and athletics, and will be useful
for Inter-Korean exchange in socio-culture.
* Institute of Peace Affairs (IPA) has recently published the
complete 20 volume set including the volume on Pyongyang. It is
committed to offering up-to-date information by publishing revisions
in case of omissions or changes.